The HRD ministry's presentation before the Parliament's Consultative Committee on Tuesday also highlights that in school education poor performance of big states is affecting the national picture.
In case of higher education, 42 Central universities with sanctioned faculty strength of 16,602 have 6,542 vacancies. Fifteen IITs have 1, 611 vacancies against the total strength of 5,092 faculty positions. Thirteen IIMs have to fill 111 vacancies out of 638 positions. Four Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs) have almost 50% vacancy as 104 out of 224 teaching positions have not been filled. National Institutes of Technology (NITs) across 30 states have 1,487 vacant teaching positions out of the total faculty strength of 4,291. Even less than a decade-old Indian Institutes of Science Education & Research (IISER) with five branches has been afflicted with faculty crunch. Being developed as premier institutes for pure science, they have 131 vacancies out of the total strength of 518.
But it is the school education that is facing the real heat. Throughout the country there is a vacancy for 12.59 lakh teachers in primary and upper primary schools. Uttar Pradesh leads the way with 3.12 lakh vacancies against the sanctioned strength of 8.18 lakh. Bihar has not been able to fill 2.62 lakh teaching positions, whereas West Bengal has 1.8 lakh vacancies. For its size, Chhattisgarh has a staggering 62,466 vacancies. Madhya Pradesh has around 89,000 vacant teaching slots, Gujarat (11, 695), Karnataka (18, 253), Delhi (10, 074), Andhra Pradesh (15, 379) and Kerala (3,013).
The consultative committee dealt with the issue of proposed national mission on teachers and teaching. The committee was told about two specific proposals by UGC on teacher training. UGC had recommended setting up of regional centres of educational management in IIM-Ahmedabad, Kolkata and Bangalore and in the National University of Educational Planning and Administration. It had also said centres of excellence in science and mathematics education should come up in Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) for developing specialized cadre of academy of teaching and teacher educators.